Golfer's elbow, also called Medial Epicondylitis, is a painful condition occurring from repeated muscle contractions in the forearm that leads to inflammation and microtears in the tendons that attach to the medial epicondyle. The medial epicondyle is the bony prominence that is felt on the inside of the elbow.
Golfer's elbow and Tennis Elbow are similar except that Golfer's elbow occurs on the inside of the elbow and Tennis Elbow occurs on the outside of the elbow. Both conditions are a type of Tendonitis which literally means "inflammation of the tendons".
Signs and symptoms of Golfer's Elbow can include the following:
Golfer's Elbow is usually caused by overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons that control wrist and finger movement but may also be caused by direct trauma such as with a fall, car accident, or work injury.
Golfer's elbow is commonly seen in golfer's, hence the name, especially when poor technique or unsuitable equipment is used when hitting the ball. Other common causes include any activity that requires repetitive motion of the forearm such as:painting, hammering, typing, raking, pitching sports, gardening, shoveling, fencing, and playing golf.
Golfer's Elbow should be evaluated by an orthopaedic specialist for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Your physician will recommend conservative treatment options to treat the symptoms associated with Golfer's Elbow. These may include the following:
If conservative treatment options fail to resolve the condition and symptoms persist for 6 -12 months, your surgeon may recommend surgery to treat Golfers Elbow. The goal of surgery to treat Golfers Elbow is to remove the diseased tissue around the inner elbow, improve blood supply to the area to promote healing, and alleviate the patient's symptoms.